TBI Rehabilitation Options New York
The fact of the matter is that there is so much that is still unknown about the brain and brain functioning, which means that brain injury rehabilitation is very much an evolving art and science. Treatment methods and technologies are rapidly advancing as knowledge of the brain and its function increases. This is a list of various types of rehabilitation treatment available to TBI survivors in the course of their recovery.
Individuals who sustain brain injuries should begin acute rehabilitation as soon as possible in the recovery process. Usually acute rehab will be provided in a special unit of the trauma hospital, a rehabilitation hospital or another inpatient setting. During acute rehabilitation, an experienced team of health professionals, who have special training in brain injury, will work to help the TBI victim regain as many activities and functions associated with daily life as possible. The crucial every day activities include such things as dressing, eating, walking, speaking, going to the bathroom and more.
At the point that patients are well enough to participate in a more intensive therapy regimen, they will often be transferred to a postacute rehabilitation setting, which would typically be conducted in a residential rehab facility. The goal of postacute rehabilitation is to help the patient regain the highest level of independent functioning possible given the severity of the brain injury. A good rehabilitation program is designed to take advantage of the body’s natural healing powers and the brain’s relearning processes so an individual may recover as quickly and efficiently as possible. Rehabilitation will also involve the patient learning new ways to carry out important tasks in order to compensate for abilities that may have been permanently changed due to brain injury.
Patients who cannot tolerate intensive therapy will instead be transferred to a subacute rehabilitation facility. Subacute rehabilitation programs are designed for TBI survivors who need a less intensive level of rehabilitation services over a longer period of time. Subacute programs may also be well suited for persons who have made progress in the acute rehabilitation setting and are still progressing but are not making rapid functional gains. Subacute rehabilitation may be provided in a variety of settings, most often in a skilled nursing facility or nursing home.
Day Treatment (Day Rehab or Day Hospital)
Day treatment provides rehabilitation in a structured group setting during the day and allows the person with a brain injury to return home at night.
Following acute, postacute or subacute rehabilitation, a person with a brain injury may continue to receive outpatient therapies to maintain and/or enhance their recovery. Individuals whose injuries were not severe enough to require hospitalization or who were not diagnosed as having a brain injury when the incident occurred may attend outpatient therapies to address functional impairments.
Home Health Services
Some hospitals and rehabilitation companies provide rehabilitation therapies within the home for persons with brain injury.
Community re-entry programs generally focus on developing higher level motor, social, and cognitive skills in order to prepare the person with a brain injury to return to independent living and potentially to work. Treatment may focus on safety in the community, interacting with others, initiation and goal setting and money management skills. Vocational evaluation and training may also be a component of this type of program. Persons who participate in the program typically live at home.
Independent Living Programs
Independent living programs provide housing for persons with brain injury with the goal of regaining the ability to live as independently as possible. Usually, independent living programs will have several different levels to meet the needs of people requiring more assistance and therapies as well as those who are living independently and being monitored.